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Education Sites Catalog

Jan 16

What Is Education?

The word education is of Latin origin, derived from the noun “educa” which means growth, feeding, cultivation. Education is responsible for preparing the man as an active element of the social life.

Education is a particular type of human action, targeting an intervention or a fundamental category of pedagogy.

Plato defined education as “the art of forming good habits or develop skills for native virtues of those who have them.” Aristotle, in his “Politics”, believes that “education should be an object of public oversight, and not private”.

Johann Amos Comenius, expresses in his book “Teaching magna”, the belief that nature endows at birth a child only with “seeds of science, of morality and religion,” that become the property of each man only through education. It follows that in his view, education is a stimulating activity of these “seeds”, and thus driving the process of humanizing the man “you can not become a man unless you are educated”.

For the seventeenth-century English pedagogue, John Locke, education takes the form of surveillance and intervention creating an interpersonal relationship that is established between the “emitter” (teacher) and the child (the future “gentleman”).

The German philosopher Immanuel Kant, answers the question to what is education by appreciated that education contributed to the capitalization of the human nature for the benefit of society “it is pleasant to think that human nature will be better developed through education and that it can take a form of symbiosis and harmony with us. This perspective reveals the future happiness of mankind “.

For Jean-Jacques Rousseau education is both an intervention and a nonintervention “negative education involves the removal of obstacles placed in the way of natural development, it should be allowed to happen by itself without any intervention.”

The French sociologist Emile Durkheim believes that education is an action “exercised by adult generations on those that are not ripe for social life”; that aims to challenge and develop in a child a number of physical, intellectual and moral states. Durkheim says that “education is a methodical socialization of the young education.”

In conclusion, education is trying to consciously develop the biophysical potential of man and the formation of a type of personality required by the conditions of present and future society.

Education has the following characteristics: focus on people, aims to develop human qualities and exploring horizons, it is predominantly oriented towards preparation for life is envisaged, in particular, with questions of existence, especially aimed at the development of a state or structure; it’s purpose is achieved by combining the short term and the long term education. The educational activity is dynamic and flexible at the same time; education being stimulated by human ideals expressed by “being and becoming.”


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